These differences are reflected in the ways that different groups communicate and relate to one another, and they carry over into interactions with health care providers. Cultural sensitivity does not mean, however, that a person need only be aware of the differences to interact effectively with people from other cultures. If health care providers and their patients are to interact effectively, they must move beyond both cultural sensitivity and cultural biases that create barriers. Developing this kind of culturally competent attitude is an ongoing process.
The aim of this systematic review of reviews is to gather and synthesize existing reviews of studies in the field to form a comprehensive understanding of the current evidence base that can guide future interventions and research in the area. Methods A systematic review of review articles published between January and June was conducted.
Reviews of cultural competency in health settings only were included. Each review was critically appraised by two authors using a study appraisal tool and were given a quality assessment rating of weak, moderate or strong.
Results Nineteen published reviews were identified. There were three main categories of study outcomes: However, a lack of methodological rigor is common amongst the studies included in reviews and many of the studies rely on self-report, which is subject to a range of biases, while objective evidence of intervention effectiveness was rare.
It developed largely in response to the recognition that cultural and linguistic barriers between healthcare providers and patients could affect the quality of healthcare delivery. The targeted groups were mainly immigrant populations from non-English speaking countries with limited exposure to Western cultural norms [ 1 ].
Since its introduction in the s, the range of cultural competency frameworks and models has burgeoned.
Many models include dimensions of knowledge e. Although the most often cited definition of cultural competency is that of Cross and colleagues [ 2 ], there is no one widely accepted and definitive conceptual cultural competency framework.
There is an abundance of international literature related to cultural competency and the importance of its integration into all levels of health care.
In the United States, the prominence of cultural competency within health policy and practice is largely attributed to federal and state regulations calling for culturally competent care Office of Minority Health, Existing reviews have examined cultural competency and related concepts within health care settings such as nursing [ 3 ] and mental health [ 4 ] as well as within health care systems [ 5 ].
For this review of reviews, interventions to improve cultural competency are defined as those that aim to: Interventions that meet this definition may also be referred to in this paper by other terms such as culturally appropriate care and multicultural education if these terms are utilized in specific reviews.
Methods Search strategy In November the following databases and electronic journal collections were searched from to Reference lists were hand-searched for other reviews. In July the search was updated to include recent studies published up to June See Additional file 1 for search terms used.
As cultural competency did not achieve popularity until the late s and government policies mandating cultural competence did not occur until the early s [ 11 ], a search timeframe of — was chosen. Inclusion and exclusion criteria A review was considered eligible for inclusion if it met the following criteria: Reviews were excluded if they described cultural competency in other non-health settings e.
Quality of the review and synthesis of results Each review was critically appraised independently by two authors using the health-evidence. This tool consists of ten questions to assess the quality of the review using commonly accepted evidence-informed principles.Cultural diversity training encompasses seminars, presentations and small group activities focused on raising awareness of different cultures and ways of living.
It increases knowledge about. Cultural Diversity Issues in Healthcare Cultural Linguistic Services, Human Resources, USB, torosgazete.com JAMARDA Resources, Inc. provides consulting, cultural diversity training workshops and continuing education that supports the public and private healthcare sector.
Workshops, seminars, and lectures can be tailored to fit the needs of your organization in 4 or 8 hour increments. This article summarizes a unique approach to designing and developing high impact diversity education.
It utilizes a cultural competence framework. Cultural competence is defined and a description of how to assess it at the individual and organizational levels is offered. Health care environments attract a diversity of caregivers and patients. Being able to work effectively with colleagues of different backgrounds, as well as deal appropriately and competently with patients from all walks of life, will help you be a valued health care provider.
Part of dealing with diversity in this. Cultural Diversity and Health CareWhat is Culture?The values, beliefs, standards, language, thinking patterns, behavioral norms, communications styles, etc. shared by a group of people. It guides decisions and actions of a group through torosgazete.com have an obligation to .