Strain Theory Essay Strain Theory Essay Strain theory states that the experience of strains or stressors increases the likelihood of crime. Strains refer to events and conditions that are disliked by individuals. Examples include the inability to achieve valued goals, such as economic success; breakup with a romantic partner; and verbal and physical abuse.
Conclusion Strain theories are based on a simple, commonsense idea: When people are treated badly, they may become upset and engage in crime. Strain theories elaborate on this idea by describing the types of negative treatment most likely to result in crime, why negative treatment increases the likelihood of crime, and why some people are more likely than others to respond to negative treatment with crime.
The strains most likely to lead to crime are high in magnitude, perceived as unjust, and associated with low social control, and they create some pressure or incentive for crime. These strains lead to a range of negative emotions, such as anger.
These emotions create pressure for corrective action, with crime being one possible response. Crime may allow individuals to reduce or escape from strains, seek revenge, or alleviate their negative emotions through, e.
Strains may also increase crime by reducing social control, fostering association with criminal peers and beliefs favorable to crime, and contributing to traits such as negative emotionality.
Individuals are most likely to engage in criminal coping when they lack the resources to legally cope with strains, have little to lose by engaging in crime, are disposed to criminal coping, and are in situations that present attractive opportunities for such coping.
Researchers are extending strain theory in important ways. They are using the theory to help explain group differences in crime, such as gender differences in offending. Also, the implications of strain theory for controlling crime are receiving increased attention.
Agnew described still other extensions. In sum, strain theory constitutes one of the major explanations of crime and has much potential for controlling crime. Read more about Criminology Theories. Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency.
Stability and change in crime over the life course: A strain theory explanation. Developmental theories in crime and delinquency pp. Building on the foundation of general strain theory: Specifying the types of strain most likely to lead to crime and delinquency.
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 38, — An overview of general strain theory. Recommendations from general strain theory.
Decker, Criminology and public policy: Putting theory to work. Code of the street. General strain, street youth and crime: A general strain theory perspective. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 34, — Stress exposure, race, and young adult crime. Sociological Quarterly, 44, — An integrated perspective on delinquent behavior.
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 16, 3—Agnew’s strain is known as GST or general strain theory. His strain has become the main concept behind various theories of crimes committed.
Other elements such as goal achievement, loss of valuable possessions and poor treatment from others help make reasons for criminal activity more solid. An Overview of General Strain Theory Bryan S.
In modern criminological research and debate, general strain theory (GST) remains at the forefront. The aim of this paper is to discuss general strain theory (GST), what it is, and how it came to be.
Details on specific research regarding general strain theory, however, lie beyond the scope of this writing. Agnew's Strain Theory. The general strain theory, created by Robert Agnew, was an explanation of why individuals respond to stress and strain with crime.
Also the general strain theory also states that strain leads to delinquency. Strain is a result of failure to succeed at the goals set by society/5(1).
Strain Theory Essay Strain theory states that the experience of strains or stressors increases the likelihood of crime. Strains refer to events and conditions that are disliked by individuals. An Overview of General Strain Theory Essay An Overview of General Strain Theory Bryan S.
In modern criminological research and debate, general strain theory (GST) remains at the forefront. General strain theory sprang from the standard strain theory developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (Agnew, ).
Up until the wane of the ’s, strain theory had become the preeminent theory on deviance.