Here you will learn MLA citations.
This handout is a terse guide to legal citation in the USA. The generally accepted style manual for legal citations in the USA is the Bluebook: Opinions of some courts use a different format from the Bluebook, but these alternative citation formats contains the same information.
Furthermore, the proper format according to the Bluebook changes with time, so old sources both cases and law review articles do not use the modern format for citation.
Government publishes each statute enacted by the U. Except for doing historical research, a more convenient way to access federal statutes is to use the U. Code, which groups the original statute and all subsequent amendments together in one place. This Code is divided into fifty "titles": Each "title" may fill multiple volumes on a bookshelf.
The regulations issued by agencies of the federal government, in order to implement law expressed in the statutes, is published in the Code of Federal Regulations.
In addition, each state has its own collection of statutes and regulations. In contrast, statutes of other states are irrelevant, because the only statutes that apply are the statutes in the state whose law is being applied.
However, occasionally judges look to court opinions from other states in interpreting a word or phrase in a statute. Reports that contains the official version of all of the opinions of the U.
Supreme Court Reporter that contains all of the opinions of the U. Supreme Court since West's publication is issued several years before the official U.
Reports appears, and so is useful for citing recent Supreme Court cases. Federal Reporter contains all of the published opinions of the U.
Courts of Appeals, plus the few published opinions of Federal District Courts from to Federal Supplement contains published opinions after of Federal District Courts, which are trial courts. A few observations on the West regional reporter system: The Pacific Reporter was begun inwhen there was little legal activity in the 13 western states in the USA, plus Alaska and Hawaii, so it made sense then to bundle all of those states into one Reporter.
These regional reporters generally only contain published opinions of the state appellate courts, not state trial courts.Guides for finding and citing sources in many different subject areas. Citing References in Scientific Research Papers. Compiled by Timothy T. Allen, revised This paper greatly expands upon a handout originally prepared by an unknown author for distribution to students in introductory earth science courses at Dartmouth College.
For two author papers, give both authors' last names (e.g., Click Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources: Internet sources should be . The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use primary sources from the Library's vast digital collections in their teaching.
Downloading a free research paper. Many of these papers have been written and shared by other students. Since paper swappers are often not among the best students, free papers are often of poor quality, in both mechanics and content. It's necessary to cite your sources when you write a research report.
That way, others who read your work can check the resources you've used. They can view or read the original sources to check for accuracy, to see excerpts or ideas in the context of the original piece, or to obtain more information.