Applications include explosive ordnance disposal EOD such as landmines, loading heavy items, and repairing ground conditions under enemy fire. Bythe U. Army had purchased 7, such machines and had been destroyed.
Although the US Army had let Ford redesign the jeep from the ground up during the s, and the resulting M jeep incorporated significant innovations, it firmly adhered to the original concept—a very compact, lightweight, low profile vehicle, with a folding windshield, that a layman could barely distinguish from the preceding Willys jeeps.
By the mids, the U. When becoming aware of the U. InLamborghini developed the Cheetah model in an attempt to meet the Army contract specifications. Inthe U. The new truck was to climb a 60 percent incline and traverse a 40 percent slope.
The radiator was to be mounted high, sloping over the engine on a forward-hinged hood. Out of 61 companies that showed interest, only three submitted prototypes.
Less than a year later, the first prototype was in testing. Chrysler Defense and Teledyne Continental also produced competing designs. In Junethe Army awarded AM General a contract for development of several more prototype vehicles to be delivered to the government for another series of tests.
The three companies were chosen to design and build eleven HMMWV prototypes, which covered overmiles in trials which included off-road courses in desert and arctic conditions.
AM General was awarded an initial contract in for 2, vehicles, the first batch of a five-year contract that would see 55, vehicles delivered to the U. Yakima Training Center in Yakima, Washington was the main testing grounds for HMMWVs from through Decemberwhen the motorized concept was abandoned and the division inactivated.
The HMMWV was designed primarily for personnel and light cargo transport behind front lines, not as a front line fighting vehicle. Like the previous jeep, the basic HMMWV has no armor or protection against chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear threats.
Nevertheless, losses were relatively low in conventional operationssuch as the Gulf War. Vehicles and crews suffered considerable damage and losses during the Battle of Mogadishu in due to the nature of the urban engagement. However, the chassis survivability allowed the majority of those crews to return to safety, though the HMMWV was never designed to offer protection against intense small arms fire, much less machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades.
With the rise of asymmetric warfare and low intensity conflictsthe HMMWV was pressed into service in urban combat roles for which it was not originally intended.
The M has been in production sinceseeing limited use in the Balkans before deployment to the Middle East. This design is superior to the M with a larger, more powerful turbocharged engine, air conditioningand a strengthened suspension system. More importantly, it boasts a fully armored passenger area protected by hardened steel and bullet-resistant glass.
With the increase in direct attacks and guerrilla warfare in Iraq, AM General diverted the majority of its manufacturing power to producing these vehicles. In the early years before IEDs became prevalent, the vehicle was liked by troops for its ability to access rough, mountainous terrain.
Some soldiers would remove features from Humvees, including what little armor it had and sometimes even entire doors, to make them lighter and more maneuverable for off-road conditions and to increase visibility.
To increase protection, the U. Although this somewhat improved survivability, bolting on armor made the Humvee an "ungainly beast," increasing weight and putting strain on the chassis, which led to unreliability. Armored doors that weighed hundreds of pounds were difficult for troops to open and the newly armored turret made Humvees top heavy and increased the danger of rollovers.
Army stated that the vehicle was "no longer feasible for combat" in As the role of American forces in Iraq changed from fighting the Iraqi Army to suppressing the guerrilla insurgency, more armor kits were being manufactured, though perhaps not as fast as production facilities were capable.
Even more advanced kits were also being developed. Most up-armored HMMWVs hold up well against lateral attacks, when the blast is distributed in all different directions, but offers little protection from a mine blast below the truck, such as buried improvised explosive devices IEDs and land mines.
Explosively formed penetrators EFPs can also defeat the armor kits, causing casualties. The doors may also require a mechanical assist device to open and close. The D-ring hooks on the door of the HMMWV so that another vehicle can rip the door off with a tow strap, chain, or cable to free the troops inside.
The soldier manning the exposed crew-served weapon on top of the vehicle is extremely vulnerable.- Search Vehicles in a Tactical Environment Standards: Stopped the vehicle and informed the occupants of the reason for the search.
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Beyond video games: New artificial intelligence beats tactical experts in combat simulation Artificial intelligence recently won out during simulated aerial combat against U.S. expert tacticians. Press enter to begin your search. (FMTV) is a system of strategically deployable vehicles that performs general resupply, ammunition resupply, maintenance and recovery, and engineer support missions.
It serves as weapon systems platforms for combat, combat support and combat service support units in a tactical environment. The Light Medium. related news. oshkosh fmtv a2 makes debut at ausa , multiple jltvs command the show floor more».
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