Kyoto researchers are upbeat about cellulose nanofibers based composites for auto parts The drive for lightweight materials to reduce overall cost and environmental impact for automotive manufacturers is nothing new. Fuel economy attracts car buyers too. That is how majority of steel parts have been replaced in F pickup truck by aluminum parts, reducing overall weight over pounds.
This is done by injecting fluid into cracks to force them to open further, making it easier to extract oil and gas.
It has been around since the late s when petroleum engineers were looking for other ways to increase well productions.
It turned out to be very effective considering that there are more thanactive natural gas wells in the U. But with oil prices plummeting, continued fracking can shake the oil and gas industry and the entire economy.
Too much supply with very low demand is clearly an imbalance that can have an adverse effect on everyone involved. What is surprising, however, is that bans on fracking are being lifted in various areas in the Americas.
Just recently, Republican governor in Oklahoma, Mary Fallin, has just signed into law a bill that prohibits a ban on fracking in towns and cities in Oklahoma. This enabled the Oklahoma Corporation Commission to retain control over oil and gas drilling. So now, localities are prohibited from debating or deciding whether or not oil and gas operations will be permitted within their jurisdiction.
If fracking was previously banned and remains prohibited in other areas, there must be something wrong with the process. From an environmental standpoint, it is definitely damaging, considering that shale rocks are forcibly cracked to extract oil and gas.
Even if the product is natural gas, there are risks and dangers involved. List of Pros of Fracking 1. Access to Alternative Source of Fuel.
The overwhelming supply of oil and gas may seem a negative aspect today, but there will come a time when these resources become scarce again. Through fracking whatever shortage the world will experience will be resolved.
Continuous study into the effects of hydraulic fracturing will also lead to more innovative and safer ideas of extracting natural gas. When both traditional oil drilling and fracturing work hand in hand, fuel shortage could be completely avoided. Since the need for oil is likely to rise as population increases, it pays to have an alternative and domestic source in mind.
Time will come when daily oil exports across America will be lessened. Fracking basically uses huge amounts of water, sand and chemicals that are blasted deep into underground rock formations to crack them open.
With the chemicals injected deep under the earth, they would cause lesser to no damage, as opposed to when they are released on the surface or in the air.
They are less likely to pollute bodies of water, ensuring that humans stay safe and healthy.Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
It is formed when layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense . List of Advantages of Fracking.
1. Boom in the Economy. Fracking has been helping the economy of the United States because since the government started to use it to dig oil under the U.S.
soil, the oil and gas reserves of the country has drastically increased. Today, the U.S is not as dependent to oil-producing countries like Saudi Arabia as before.
Learners should be encouraged at this stage to start thinking about scientific processes and products in terms of their advantages and disadvantages. Are you looking for an online professional & technical book store?
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OccupyTheory. on 19 December, at List of Pros and Cons of Lap Band Surgery; Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology in Education Advantages and Disadvantages of School Uniforms Freedom of Speech Pros .
Unemployment accounts for the part of the labor force willing to work at the current wage rate. The definition of unemployment may sound simple but its computation is equally difficult.
Various measures are devised to measure the same. In this article we have elucidated some such measures. Claimant Count.