Fiji country brief Overview The Republic of Fiji is a group of over islands covering 18, sq. It has a total population ofWorld Bank estimate, Political overview Fiji is governed by a single chamber, member Parliament. Political history Fiji became independent in after nearly a century as a British colony.
Fiji country brief Overview The Republic of Fiji is a group of over islands covering 18, sq. It has a total population ofWorld Bank estimate, Fiji's capital is Suva. Political overview Fiji is governed by a single chamber, member Parliament.
Fiji's next election will be held on 14 November Political history Fiji became independent in after nearly a century as a British colony. On independence, Fiji adopted a constitutional democratic form of government based on the Westminster system.
Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in led by then Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka. Lieutenant Colonel Rabuka abrogated the Constitution and declared Fiji a republic.
A short period of military government and two subsequent interim administrations followed, with elections not held until May Subsequently, after extensive consultations, a new constitution was adopted in Fiji suffered another period of political, social and economic instability beginning on 19 Maywhen a group led by George Speight seized control of the Parliament and took hostage then Prime Minister Mahendra Chaudhry and members of his government, holding them for 56 days.
General elections were held in August and Fiji returned to parliamentary democracy under Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase, who was returned as Prime Minister at subsequent elections held in May In response, on 10 April President Iloilo announced that he had abrogated Fiji's Constitution.
All judicial appointments were revoked and Public Emergency Regulations were imposed. The Australian Government, in concert with other countries, the UN Security Council, the Commonwealth and the Pacific Islands Forum, strongly condemned the military's unconstitutional removal of Fiji's elected government.
Australia also imposed travel restrictions on senior members of the interim Fiji Government, including ministers, military personnel and their family members, government appointees and the judiciary.
The Australian Government implemented these travel sanctions flexibly, granting exceptions on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
Bilateral defence cooperation was suspended in However, the Australian Government maintained a substantial development assistance program for Fiji. Fiji was also suspended from the Commonwealth in September On 10 Januaryinterim Prime Minister Bainimarama and then President Nailatikau appointed in November announced that the interim Fiji Government would prepare a new draft constitution.
Following a period of public consultation, President Nailatikau promulgated the new constitution on 6 September Key features of the new constitution include: Fiji held a national election on 17 September It also made 38 recommendations for improving the process of future elections, a number of which have been implemented by the Fiji Government.
Following the election, the Australian Government lifted all remaining restrictions on engagement with Fiji and resumed its Defence Cooperation Program. Position indicated in the list below were held at the time of the visit Australia and Fiji share a strong and enduring bilateral relationship.
However, since early these restrictions have been progressively lifted and significant progress been made in improving the relationship.
The Australian Government has deepened engagement with Fijian ministers and officials, including through regular two-way ministerial and senior officials' visits.Page last updated on February 28, Economy - overview: Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed and connected of the Pacific island economies.
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad; Stock of direct foreign investment - at home; (REEs). In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future.
timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower Economy:: Fiji. In , Fiji's economy grew by %. For , the Reserve Bank of Fiji officially forecasts a % growth rate to be driven by the agriculture, manufacturing and the financial intermediation sectors.
The development of the tourism sector in Fiji owes much to foreign direct investment (FDI) in hotels, resorts and other infrastructural facilities. This paper uses bounds cointegration technique and investigates the contribution of FDI to Fiji's tourism sector.
All businesses or enterprises with a foreign-investment component in their ownership are required to apply to the Chief Executive, Investment Fiji, for the issuance of a Foreign Investment Registration Certificate (FIRC) and also pay a requisite application fee of F$2, (US$1,).
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS: SUMMARY 1 I. Context 1. Over –, the Fiji economy experienced extreme volatility in growth performance. Annual GDP growth fell to %, on average, while during – the economy contracted sector investment, including foreign direct investment, and to improve total factor productivity.